“Ego conjùngo vos in matrimònium”


Our wedding has been celebrated in Latin according to the ancient rite of the Tridentine Mass.

The Latin Mass has been for us a way to unite, during the ceremony, all the participants even if they speak different languages. None of us, or perhaps very few, are fluent in Latin, but for centuries it has been the universal language of the Church, and the only one in which it was possible to celebrate Mass until about 50 years ago. The ancient rite is also particularly appreciated by our families as tied to tradition.

The ceremony had the form of the sung Mass in which the celebration by the priest is accompanied by the choir. It is a particular and very impressive formula, although different from what we are used to.

Other important differences are the orientation of the priest, who celebrates facing the altar, so normally with his back towards the people, and the sacrament of communion, which is received on the knees at the railing near the altar.

The rite of the sacrament of marriage takes place at the beginning of the ceremony.

After the union of the couple in marriage, which happens more or less the same way as in the modern Mass (in Latin, though!) , the real Mass, “pro sponso et sponsa“, can begin. It ends with the final Solemn Blessing of the Spouses.

icon-bridemaids  BRIDEMAIDS




A friend for more than 15 years, Meg is one of our first supporters and my best counselor. Very hard work! She has been Andrew’s witness at our civil ceremony.

“Telling my friendship with Gera is like having to summarize half of my life, not only because that is the exact number of years since we first met, but because t despite the distance she’s been and still is a big part of it. When we first met we couldn’t bear each other… appropriate to say “met by chance and stayed for choice”! The anecdotes are countless, including driving my scooter with the “small blonde” sitting like a backpack behind me and happily sleeping, on our way to dancing, and then in the car, wedged between the bags as she is the most pocket-size of us. Grown together as the love that unites us… and less sickly sweet than this summary ended up to be!”




High school classmates, inseparable friends and adventure companions through the years. Together with Marghe they called us “the dark, the blonde and the tiny blonde one”.




Patti and I have been university mates in Bologna sharing hours of study and hours of partying! Now we don’t see each other very often but she still calls me when she is lost in Bologna (her hometown).

I think I’ve been the one who invented an excuse to start talking to “mythical Ge”. In our university courtyard, she was there all tiny and blonde but it was clear that she knew what she’s about (and she still knows, maybe even more). Since then we sticked together for at least 3 years, studying, partying, watching movies, everywhere. Then she kept on moving to other Italian cities (I never moved) so we had less occasions to see each other. Anyway I go vacationing every summer in Livorno to party with Marghe, Laura and the girls. After some years I finally started to understand when they talk too.


icon-groomsmen GROOMSMEN




Ray and I together are best defined by hedge fund managers in red text: HIGH risk and HIGH volatility. We love the outdoors, the physical and the primal. In September you will see Ray impeccably dressed and groomed, as he can adapt to all environments. In the words of Hunter Thompson, my good friend Ramon is “One of God’s own prototypes…Too weird to live, and too rare to die.”




I chose this picture of Aaron as my own comical portrayal of a man who literally sleeps under sheets of court cases and legal literature. I have never known someone more hardworking, passionate and devoted to his work. His seriousness conceals a very funny personality that I am constantly digging out, most often forcefully. After the wedding, look to him and our priest discussing the history and nuances of the Latin Mass, before moving to Dante and Machiavelli as Ramon drags him away for our Reception.

Tridentine Mass

What is the Tridentine Mass?

The Tridentine Mass was from 1570 until 1969 the ordinary form – meaning normally celebrated – of the Mass in the Catholic Church. It’s also called Mass according to the ancient rite (Vetus Ordo Mass), Mass of St. Pius V, traditional Mass.

In 1969, Pope Paul VI, after the Second Vatican Council, introduced a number of changes to the rite of the Mass, including the possibility of using national languages (“vulgar” languages) in the liturgical celebrations. Before 1969 Mass was always celebrated in Latin. From then the “ordinary” or “normal” form of the rite is the one given to the Mass by Pope Paul VI, in the current language and according to the liturgy that many of us more or less know. This reform actually made increasingly rare the celebration of the Tridentine Mass, although in many cities you can still find a church where Mass is celebrated in this form.

In 2007, Pope Benedict XVI, in order to favor again the celebration of the Tridentine Mass, authorized all the priests of Roman rite to celebrate the ancient rite freely, without requiring the granting of the bishop needed until then. The traditional Mass in Latin was defined by Benedict XVI as “extraordinary” form of the unique Roman rite. Benedict XVI said in fact that the two versions of the Roman Missal does not represent “two distinct Rites”, but, rather, of a twofold use of the same rite.

Main differences


Language is one of the most obvious differences, but it is not correct to indicate the Tridentine Mass as “Latin Mass” because Latin is in theory also used in the modern form of the Mass. The Tridentine Mass, however, is celebrated entirely in Latin, except for a few words and phrases. It includes long periods of silence and prayer. The homily is pronounced in the current language, which can also be used for some prayers and readings. Mass can be easily followed using a bilingual booklet that brings, alongside the Latin text, the translation in the national language.


In ancient rite the priest celebrates Mass “ad Deum“, ie towards the altar and then – except in a few cases – with his back towards the people. During the Mass he turns towards the people various times, to invite them to pray, to bless, to preach the homily.


Communion is generally received on knees at the railing near the altar. The minister holds a saucer under the chin of communicants to prevent the host from falling or a fragment to be lost; the priest track, of all the peole who receive communion, a cross with the host praying “Corpus Christi Jesu our custodiat animam tuam in vitam æternam. Amen.”.

Liturgy and prayers

The Mass begins with the entrance procession of the celebrant and the minister who go to the base of the altar. After the sign of the cross are pronounced the prayers at the base of the altar, where the priest and minister in alternating voices recite Salm 42 (expressing the desire and joy to go up to the altar to get closer to God), and the Confiteor first the celebrant and then the minister. Then there are the blessing for the indulgence and the absolution of venial sins. The Confiteor (ie the penitential rite) is pronounced by the priest first and then by the people.

The priest ascends the altar and reads the Introit, the opening prayer, then the Kyrie eleison (Lord pity) alternating with the minister, followed by the Gloria in excelsis Deo. In addition to the Gospel there is only one reading (in the new missal there are two), made by the celebrant. In between the priest reads the Graduale, based on one or more salms. The Eucharistic liturgy, which precedes communion includes a single prayer, asking the intercession of many saints. During the consecration the priest kneels six times and kisses the altar twice.

The mass ends with the blessing, which is after the ‘”Ite missa est”. Before leaving the church, the celebrant reads “Last Gospel” (usually taken from the Gospel of St. John) and can recite the “leonine prayers” (so named as introduced by Leo XIII).


There are different types of celebration in the ancient rite: the sung mass and that through dialogue, for example, have been added in the course of time for the people to participate more actively. The Last edition of the Tridentine Missal, promulgated by John XXIII, distinguished rituals in Low Mass (read) and Sung Mass.